WHAT ARE COOKIES?
Cookies are small text strings that the websites you visit send to the viewing device of your device, usually a browser, where they are stored and resent to the same websites the next time you visit them. When browsing a website, users may also receive cookies on their device from websites or web servers other than the one they are visiting (so-called “third party” cookies), which may contain elements such as images, maps, sounds, or specific links to pages of other domains present on the website being visited.
Cookies, usually present in the browsers of users in high numbers and sometimes also for prolonged periods of time, are used for different purposes, such as authentication, session monitoring, storage of information on specific configurations regarding users accessing the server, etc.
TYPES OF COOKIES
Cookies are split into two macro-categories: “technical” cookies and “profiling” cookies.
Technical cookies are used solely for the purpose of “carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network, or as strictly necessary in order for the provider of an information society service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user to provide the service” (see art. 122(1) of the Code).
They are not used for any other purpose, and are normally installed directly by the website Data Controller or operator. They can be split into browsing or session cookies, which ensure normal navigation and use of the website (for example, allowing users to make a purchase or log into restricted areas).
“Analytics cookies” are assimilated to technical cookies if used directly by the website operator to collect information, in aggregate form, about the number of users and how they visit the website. Functionality cookies allow the user to navigate according to a set of selected criteria (e.g. language, products selected for purchase), in order to improve the website’s service.
“Flash Cookies” (Local Shared Objects) are another type of cookie which are used within Adobe Flash Player to deliver some content, such as video clips or animations, in order to remember your settings and preferences. Flash cookies are stored on the devices, but are managed through a different interface to the one provided by the browser used.
The Adobe website http://www.adobe.com/devnet/security.html provides information on how to remove or disable Flash cookies for a specific domain.
Profiling cookies are used to create profiles about the user and to send advertising messages based on the preferences shown by the user when surfing the web. Given the highly intrusive nature of the impact of these features on the privacy of users, both EU and Italian legislation require that users be adequately informed on the use of these features and express valid consent.
To this end, art. 122 of the Code states that “storing information, or accessing information that is already stored in the terminal equipment of a contracting party or user shall only be permitted on condition that the contracting party or user has given his consent after being informed in accordance with the simplified arrangements mentioned in article 13(3)” (art. 122(1) of the Code).
DESCRIPTION OF THE COOKIES USED ON THIS WEBSITE
These are cookies installed by the website that you are visiting. They are required to browse the website, and allow you to use key features, secure the connection, maintain session identifiers, and store authentication information.
In the absence of these cookies, some or all of the website’s features may not be usable.
This website does not currently use user profiling cookies.
Below is a description of the third-party cookies that may be used by the website, as well as links through which you may receive more information and ask for them to be disabled:
The exact nature of certain cookies (which, under particular conditions, could be considered “profiling” cookies) could be reconsidered in future based on evolutions in the interpretation of the Data Protection Authority’s directives. Should that happen, this policy will be updated accordingly, and any further requirements will be perfected.
DURATION OF COOKIES
Cookies have a duration determined by the expiration date, or by a specific action such as closing the browser, set at the time of installation. Cookies can be:
– session cookies – used to store temporary information and link actions performed during a specific session; they are removed from the computer when the browser is closed;
– persistent cookies – used to store information such as login name and password, in order to avoid re-entering login credentials at every visit. These remain stored on your computer even after you close your browser.
COOKIE MANAGEMENT – HOW TO DISABLE COOKIES
In most browsers, cookies are enabled at source, and you can decide whether or not to accept them using your browser settings.
If you have already given your consent, but wish to change the cookie authorisations provided, you need to delete them through your browser, as specified below, because otherwise those already installed will not be removed. In particular, please note that it is in no way possible to track third-party cookies, so if you have already given your consent, you will need to delete the cookies via your browser (in the dedicated section) or make an opt-out request directly to the applicable third parties.
For more information, please consult the following websites:
For more detailed information on cookie disabling options, see the following links for configuring the most popular browsers. If you don’t use one of the browsers listed, select “Cookies” in your browser’s Help section.
Microsoft Windows Explorer:
You can also delete all the cookies installed in the cookie folder of your browsers. Each browser has different procedures for managing your settings. Please refer to your browser’s Help section to learn how to change your settings and find out the path of the directory containing cookies.